Vets Corner Winter 2018
19 November 2018
DIABETES MELLITUS INFORMATION SHEET
Overview This condition affects the control of body sugar levels. The insufficient production of insulin or the body’s cells inability to respond to insulin efficiently.
Causes Diabetes is caused by a deficiency of insulin which results in N(glucose in the urine).
Signs of disease Increased thirst, increased urination, increased hunger, weight loss, lethargy, depression, dehydration, anorexia, vomiting, ketotic breath (smells of pear drops), potentially diabetic coma and death.
Diagnosis Blood sample checking glucose concentration and/or fructosamine concentration. Urine sample and possibly monitoring water consumption.
Treatment Day-to-day treatment is usually insulin injections once or twice a day. Very occasionally oral medication may be used. Diet management. A CONSISTENT ROUTINE. The vet must be contacted if the cat stops eating at any point, or starts to show further signs of disease.
Prognosis Fair/good if stable and well controlled. Potentially poor if left untreated or remains unstable.
Prevention Making sure the cat does not become obese, by ensuring a healthy balanced diet and plenty of exercise, will reduce the chances of the cat becoming diabetic. However, there may be some genetic disposition.
Husbandry Record the time of insulin injections, the dose of insulin injected, the amount and time of food offered and eaten, amount of water drunk, exercise and demeanour.
to people) Not infectious.